German automakers have a tendency to create names for vehicles that are less than focused. The four-door coupe, for example. When it comes to things like variable valve timing, large SUVs, and BMW’s actual three-letter designation, expect nothing less.

  • BMW: Bayerische Motoren Werke (Translation: Bavarian Motor Works)
  • M: Motorsport
  • SAV: Sports Activity Vehicle
  • sDrive: Two-Wheel Drive
  • VANOS: From the German "VAriable NOckenwellenSteuerung" (Translation: Variable Camshaft Timing)
  • xDrive: All-Wheel Drive