When you think of a fast red car, you would be forgiven if a Ferrari comes to mind. However, back in the early 20th century the Maseratis were the red cars to beat. Founded by the Maserati brothers in 1914, the name has an excellent racing pedigree, and the Maserati 250F is one of the brand's most celebrated racing cars.

Maserati 250F

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The Maserati 250F made its debut in 1954. The streamline cigar shaped body initially housed a 220bhp 2.5-litre straight-six engine that first roared into life at the Argentine Grand Prix. Piloted by Jaun Manuel Fangio, the 250F claimed victory on its first outing. Fangio took the top step again with his Maserati before moving to the newly formed Mercedes-Benz team.

Another 250F pilot of note was Sterling Moss who raced his privately owned Maserati throughout 1954.

Maserati 250F
Maserati 250F

The car was developed for the 1955 season featuring a new five-speed gearbox, cutting-edge Dunlop disc brakes and a 20bhp increase thanks to newly developed fuel injection technology.

It was 1956 that saw the introduction of the thoroughly revised 250F T2. A lighter but stiffer construction improved handling while a 315bhp V12 replaced the straight-six. Stirling Moss, now in a works car, claimed victory in Monaco and Italy.

Maserati 250F

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Fangio got back behind the wheel of a Maserati 250F for 1957 in spectacular fashion. It would become the year this racing car is now most famed for. Four strong wins included one of motorsport’s most iconic races – at the Nürburgring Fangio made up a 48-second deficit over 22 laps, breaking the lap record not once, but 10 times in the process. It was an incredible victory.

By 1958 front-engined racing cars were consistently being outperformed by their more advanced mid-engine rivals. That said, the 250F continued to be used by private teams for a few more years yet.

The Maserati 250F became an icon – and Stirling Moss even remarked once that it was the best front-engined grand prix car that he ever raced.

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Gallery: Maserati 250F